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Three new trends in the new type of industrialization

Three new trends in the new type of industrialization

Three new trends in the new type of industrialization

(Summary description)In recent years, there have been new trends in the new type of industrialization: new changes in the industrial paradigm, greater emphasis on the promotion of the industrial level and the upgrading of the value chain through innovation and technological progress; and new characteristics in the form of industrial organization, the platform economy has become a new form of industrial organization, which has changed the organizational structure of enterprises and the division of Labor and cooperation among enterprises to a certain extent, and bring about a new green revolution.

 

We will promote the simultaneous development of new industrialization, it application, urbanization and agricultural modernization, and speed up the construction of a modernized economic system, is the new era our country economy realizes the higher quality, the more efficient, the more fair, the more sustainable development important task. We should promote new-type industrialization in the historical coordinate system of the new industrial revolution, and grasp the three new trends of industrial paradigm shift, industrial organizational form change and green development.

Industrial paradigm shift to innovation development



 

The change of industrial paradigm reflects the change of the development law of Industry and enterprise driven by technological change. Compared with traditional industrialization, the industrial paradigm of new industrialization has changed radically. The 40 years of reform and opening-up is the 40 years of rapid industrialization in our country and the 40 years of great transformation of industrial paradigm. If we say that traditional industrialization emphasizes on the endowment of resources and factors of production, on the basis of giving full play to the price advantages of low-cost labor and other factors of production, taking advantage of the global industrial division of Labour to gradually upgrade from the low end of the value chain to the middle and high end, the new type of industrialization puts more emphasis on the promotion of the industrial chain and the upgrading of the value chain through innovation and technological progress. Among them, both from the labor-intensive, low value-added simple manufacturing links to design, research and development, supply chain management, marketing, services and other high value-added links extension of the value chain vertical upgrading mode, it also includes the way of parallel leapfrogging of value chain to improve the whole efficiency and competitiveness of industrial chain through the application of advanced technology, the reconstruction of value-added links and the reorganization of production system.

The New Industrial Revolution is taking the new generation of information technology as its core and the new energy, new materials and biotechnology as its main body, characterized by intelligent connectivity among people, machines and resources, and the digitalization, networking, and intelligentization of manufacturing, it provides a great opportunity for us to make full use of modern science and technology to upgrade the industrial chain and the value chain. The integration of Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and manufacturing industry is more and more extensive, intelligent manufacturing, intelligent service is becoming the global traditional industry and the transformation and upgrading of the main direction of manufacturing. From the practice of the past few years, whether it is discrete manufacturing or process manufacturing, leading enterprises in the industry have made significant progress in promoting intelligent manufacturing and intelligent services, the digitalization, networking and intelligentization of production have, to some extent, relieved the pressure caused by the difficulty of recruitment and the rapid rise of labor cost, and greatly improved the production efficiency and competitiveness.

The rapid development and extensive and in-depth application of the new generation of information technology pose a great challenge to the traditional mode of industrialization. Smart Manufacturing and customisation will reduce economies of scale in many industries and strengthen the competitiveness of developed countries in areas such as R & D and design, it is becoming increasingly difficult for a country to industrialize and eventually modernize primarily on the strength of its natural and labour resources. This, coupled with the potential for rapid development of localised and decentralised mode of production, poses new challenges for developing and catch-up economies, including China. How to grasp the opportunity and face the challenge is the subject of the times to promote the new industrialization. In this sense, we must thoroughly implement the strategy of innovation-driven development, accelerate the transformation of industrial paradigm, and realize the transformation of economic development quality, efficiency and drivin

  • Categories:2019 Year
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  • Time of issue:2019-04-10 10:36
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— Release time — 2019-04-10

In recent years, there have been new trends in the new type of industrialization: new changes in the industrial paradigm, greater emphasis on the promotion of the industrial level and the upgrading of the value chain through innovation and technological progress; and new characteristics in the form of industrial organization, the platform economy has become a new form of industrial organization, which has changed the organizational structure of enterprises and the division of Labor and cooperation among enterprises to a certain extent, and bring about a new green revolution.

 

We will promote the simultaneous development of new industrialization, it application, urbanization and agricultural modernization, and speed up the construction of a modernized economic system, is the new era our country economy realizes the higher quality, the more efficient, the more fair, the more sustainable development important task. We should promote new-type industrialization in the historical coordinate system of the new industrial revolution, and grasp the three new trends of industrial paradigm shift, industrial organizational form change and green development.

Industrial paradigm shift to innovation development

 

The change of industrial paradigm reflects the change of the development law of Industry and enterprise driven by technological change. Compared with traditional industrialization, the industrial paradigm of new industrialization has changed radically. The 40 years of reform and opening-up is the 40 years of rapid industrialization in our country and the 40 years of great transformation of industrial paradigm. If we say that traditional industrialization emphasizes on the endowment of resources and factors of production, on the basis of giving full play to the price advantages of low-cost labor and other factors of production, taking advantage of the global industrial division of Labour to gradually upgrade from the low end of the value chain to the middle and high end, the new type of industrialization puts more emphasis on the promotion of the industrial chain and the upgrading of the value chain through innovation and technological progress. Among them, both from the labor-intensive, low value-added simple manufacturing links to design, research and development, supply chain management, marketing, services and other high value-added links extension of the value chain vertical upgrading mode, it also includes the way of parallel leapfrogging of value chain to improve the whole efficiency and competitiveness of industrial chain through the application of advanced technology, the reconstruction of value-added links and the reorganization of production system.

The New Industrial Revolution is taking the new generation of information technology as its core and the new energy, new materials and biotechnology as its main body, characterized by intelligent connectivity among people, machines and resources, and the digitalization, networking, and intelligentization of manufacturing, it provides a great opportunity for us to make full use of modern science and technology to upgrade the industrial chain and the value chain. The integration of Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and manufacturing industry is more and more extensive, intelligent manufacturing, intelligent service is becoming the global traditional industry and the transformation and upgrading of the main direction of manufacturing. From the practice of the past few years, whether it is discrete manufacturing or process manufacturing, leading enterprises in the industry have made significant progress in promoting intelligent manufacturing and intelligent services, the digitalization, networking and intelligentization of production have, to some extent, relieved the pressure caused by the difficulty of recruitment and the rapid rise of labor cost, and greatly improved the production efficiency and competitiveness.

The rapid development and extensive and in-depth application of the new generation of information technology pose a great challenge to the traditional mode of industrialization. Smart Manufacturing and customisation will reduce economies of scale in many industries and strengthen the competitiveness of developed countries in areas such as R & D and design, it is becoming increasingly difficult for a country to industrialize and eventually modernize primarily on the strength of its natural and labour resources. This, coupled with the potential for rapid development of localised and decentralised mode of production, poses new challenges for developing and catch-up economies, including China. How to grasp the opportunity and face the challenge is the subject of the times to promote the new industrialization. In this sense, we must thoroughly implement the strategy of innovation-driven development, accelerate the transformation of industrial paradigm, and realize the transformation of economic development quality, efficiency and driving force.

Platform economy has become a new form of industrial organization

 

In recent years, the global Internet field has been developing rapidly. Cloud computing, big data, blockchain, artificial intelligence and other technologies are gradually mature and applied. Some countries or companies, such as the German “Industry 4.0” and the us-based General Electric, have proposed new concepts with deep integration of the digital economy and manufacturing. The German “Industry 4.0”, which focuses on intelligent equipment, intelligent production and intelligent factories, hopes to solve the problem of its manufacturing industry's low level of information and digitalization, and extend from intelligent manufacturing to intelligent services. The industrial Internet proposed by the General Electric Company of the United States, on the other hand, tends to realize big data analysis and intelligent decision-making by virtue of its powerful Internet and big data technical advantages, improve the efficiency of existing industries and drive the development of new industries. No matter which kind of concept or pattern, it is the transformation of industrial organization form to the direction of platform. In other words, the platform economy has become a new form of industrial organization, regardless of the production field or the field of consumption are entering the platform revolution era. This constitutes a new type of industrialization to promote the characteristics of the times. In this context, a number of domestic and foreign Internet technology companies such as Google, Facebook, Alibaba, Baidu, Tencent, jd.com, etc. , has rapidly grown into a platform-based enterprises; Some foreign manufacturers such as ABB, Bosch, IBM, General Electric, Rorro and others have become platform vendors by integrating and building manufacturing and service ecosystems.

Compared with the traditional industrialization mode, the platform economy emphasizes the integration of manufacturing and service, and service-oriented manufacturing becomes a new trend. On the one hand, the internal product design, technology research and development, quality management, testing and certification, supply chain management, marketing, logistics services and other aspects of traditional manufacturing enterprises are constantly separated out, to provide more accurate and efficient support to the manufacturing sector by upgrading the level of specialization. On the other hand, by innovating and optimizing the form of production organization and the mode of operation and management, manufacturing enterprises constantly increase the proportion of service elements in input and output, in particular, the development of Design Services, Networked Collaborative Manufacturing Services, information value-added services, and constantly extend and enhance the value chain. Platform economy has also changed the organizational structure and the division of Labor and cooperation among enterprises to a certain extent. The application of Internet in the field of enterprise management and production organization reduces the level of management and compresses the function department. So the new industrialisation is as much a Relations of production change in productivity, driven by technological progress, as it is a change in management innovation.

Our country proposes to promote the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry in order to seize the opportunity of the new industrial revolution, promoting the integration and interaction of industrialization and informationization, technological innovation and business model innovation, manufacturing and modern service industry, in the process of promoting new-type industrialization, we will strive to realize the transformation of Chinese manufacturing to Chinese creation, the transformation of Chinese speed to Chinese quality, and the transformation of Chinese products to Chinese brands, finally, the completion of China's manufacturing industry by the strategic task of strengthening.

Green development becomes a new strategic task

 

The new type of industrialization is not just a matter within the industrial and manufacturing sectors, but involves systematic and holistic changes in the factors of production, resources, environment and mode of production. Seen from the history of world industrialization, the Industrial Revolution made the scale of economy expand unprecedented, the industrial structure changed profoundly, and the material standard of living improved greatly. This is undoubtedly a great achievement. But every industrial revolution in history has failed to solve the problem of green development, and “Pollute first, clean up later” has almost become the fate of developed country. Even in modern times, many late-comers are repeating developed country mistakes. When intergenerational impacts are taken into account, the high rate of growth driven by traditional industrialization is actually at the expense of the living environment of future generations. Today, we must not go back to the“First pollution, then treatment” of the old road, must be green development as one of the core elements of the new industrialization. The new type of industrialization can not only be characterized by technological progress and economic growth, but also by resource conservation and environmental friendliness. In this sense, the new industrialization will bring a new round of green revolution.

Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the new development concept of innovation, coordination, green, opening and sharing has been firmly established among the whole party and the people. “To protect the ecological environment is to protect the productive forces, and to improve the ecological environment is to develop the productive forces,” the comrade emphasized, revealing the fundamental law of the leap from industrial civilization to ecological civilization, for the new era to promote a new type of industrialization provides ideological guidance and guidelines for action. In accordance with the concept of green development to promote new-type industrialization, we need to do the following work. First, the original industrial economic system for green or ecological transformation, including the development of new production processes, reduce or replace the use of toxic and harmful substances, efficient and recycling of raw materials, reduce energy consumption, reduce the emission of pollutants and purification and governance. These can reduce the pressure on the environment and improve the efficiency of resource use, traditional industrial sector must complete the task of transformation. Second, the development of energy-and resource-saving, eco-friendly green manufacturing or green industry, including the effective use of energy and resources, protection of the ecological environment of the emerging industries, it also includes traditional industries that make full use of the laws of nature and the principles of resource recycling. Third, we will vigorously develop renewable energy sources such as solar, hydro, wind, and biomass energy, accelerate efforts to adjust the energy mix, actively develop the energy internet, and realize clean, safe, and efficient use of energy. There is a certain degree of“Positive externality” in green development. To achieve green industrialization, we should strengthen government supervision, implement the strictest environmental protection system and improve the ability of environmental governance, and promote the spirit of entrepreneurship and stimulate the enthusiasm of enterprises, let the enterprise play the main role in environmental governance. The entrepreneurs of the new era should not only be innovators of Technology and business models, but also leaders of green industrialization and ecological civilization.

The author of the article is the director of the Industrial Economy Research Department of the Development Research Center of the State Council
Disclaimer: This article and pictures are reprinted on the Internet, copyright belongs to the original author, please contact the right to delete.
 
 

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